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Encyclopedia of historical weapons - Gladius

The Legions patterned their short swords after those of the Spanish Celts. The historian, Polybius, says they were introduced into the army during the second Punic War. The Gladius of Caesar's time until Tiberius had a slight curve in the edge of the blade. The Fulham type and the Pompeii type had edges which were completely parallel. This sword was intended as a thrusting weapon. This was the best way to use a sword in tight formation. Using the sword in a slashing motion would cause the soldier to open his side to attack. The Gladius was replaced by the traditional long swords of the barbarians in the late empire.

 

Encyclopedia of historical weapons

From Encyclopedia

Arbalest
Also crossbow. Consists of a bow attached to an arched stick. Is powerful, low-trajectoried weapon. Fires a bolt (a shorter arrow).
Counterfeit damascening
Simpler form of damascening. Fine pattern is applied onto a surface of an armor piece.
Rondel dagger
Military dagger with a single- edged or triangular blade. Pommel and hand-guard formed of roundels.
Footman's lance
The footman's lance was essentially a spear used solely for thrusting. Generally, lances were considered to be a cavalry weapon but foot soldiers…
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