Encyclopedia of historical weapons - Baculus

In terms of semantics, a baculus is defined as a staff, especially one that symbolizes authority. The term baculus, or baculum, is Latin for staff. Used in combat throughout Europe until well after the middle ages, the baculus was a heavy, hardwood club with a knotty head used for striking. While not as durable as a metal headed mace, the baculus could still inflict significant concussion damage to an armored or un-armored opponent. It was a popular weapon among conscripted soldiers because it was a relatively inexpensive weapon and easily obtained. It was common practice for soldiers using a baculus to carve and engrave the wood with pictures and marks recounting battles in which they had fought.

Encyclopedia of historical weapons

From Encyclopedia

Flukes
Close, deep fullers.
Gambeson
Quilted and embellished coat-armor.
Alamani
Curved steel Indian sword with a gilt handle.
Quaddara
Straight-bladed sword, often inlaid with gold; hilt is of horn with no guard.
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