Encyclopedia of historical weapons - Baculus

In terms of semantics, a baculus is defined as a staff, especially one that symbolizes authority. The term baculus, or baculum, is Latin for staff. Used in combat throughout Europe until well after the middle ages, the baculus was a heavy, hardwood club with a knotty head used for striking. While not as durable as a metal headed mace, the baculus could still inflict significant concussion damage to an armored or un-armored opponent. It was a popular weapon among conscripted soldiers because it was a relatively inexpensive weapon and easily obtained. It was common practice for soldiers using a baculus to carve and engrave the wood with pictures and marks recounting battles in which they had fought.

Encyclopedia of historical weapons

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Ailette
A flat plate of leather or parchment (square, round or diamond-shaped) which tied to the point of the shoulder. Worn be­tween 1250-1350 to…
Damascening
Also called inlay. A process used for the decoration of metal surfaces; usually silver or gold onto iron or steel. 'True'…
Jupon
Short, fitted overcoat made of several thick fabric layers and a final layer which was usually from silk or velvet. Has an embroided coat of arms of…
Lance
Typical weapon of a man-at-arms. Firstly a long (9 ft) spear but later developed into a heavier and even longer form unsuited for infantry.
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