Encyclopedia of historical weapons - Gladius

The Legions patterned their short swords after those of the Spanish Celts. The historian, Polybius, says they were introduced into the army during the second Punic War. The Gladius of Caesar's time until Tiberius had a slight curve in the edge of the blade. The Fulham type and the Pompeii type had edges which were completely parallel. This sword was intended as a thrusting weapon. This was the best way to use a sword in tight formation. Using the sword in a slashing motion would cause the soldier to open his side to attack. The Gladius was replaced by the traditional long swords of the barbarians in the late empire.

 

Encyclopedia of historical weapons

From Encyclopedia

Arming sword
Also short sword. Single-handed weapon which looks like a simple longsword. Attached to the a knight’s belt.
Langet
Metal strips attached to the the shaft of a polearm to reinforce the torque of its head, and to protect the joint connecting the head and…
Arming doublet
Quilted garment worn under armour from the early fifteenth century, equipped with points to attach mail gussets and pieces of armour.
Iverapena
Paddle club made of hardwood and slightly pointed.
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